Current Issue

2011-2015: Principles of National Cultural Strategy and Cultural Industries Development in Mainland China

Yong XIANG
IJCCI volume 1, issue 1, September 2013

Since 1840, the Chinese cultural psyche and self-confidence that had been established during the imperial eras of the Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang dynasties were destroyed by the weakness, civil instability and repeated invasions that characterized the late Qing dynasty. From the beginning of the 20th century, the country’s culture has been burdened with an enormous amount of political baggage, saddled as it was with the onerous dual task of salvaging the nation and driving social reform. From the New Culture Movement to the Cultural Revolution, Chinese culture has had to chase ever-shifting attitudes ranging from a lack of self-esteem, to arrogance, to self-awareness. Since the beginning of reform and opening up in 1978, the CPC1 Central Committee and the State Council have worked to implement the three national strategies of ‘economic wealth’, ‘scientific and technological innovation’ and ‘culture and creativity’. Both society and the economy have developed rapidly, and China has grown ever stronger as a nation, while the ‘China model’, the ‘Chinese experience’ and the ‘China highway’ have garnered widespread global attention, providing a powerful emphasis for Chinese culture as a culturally autonomous, self-assured and self-aware major Eastern civilization. Following the elevation of the cultural industries to the level of national strategy after the publication of the ‘Cultural Industry Promotion Plan’ by the State Council in September 2009, the seventeenth meeting of the Sixth Plenary Session of the CPC, held from 15 – 18 October 2011, provided a comprehensive and systematic map of a model for the road to Chinese cultural reform and development, with the goal of building a ‘Socialist culturally strong nation’. This was an historical necessity, a response to the times and part of a global trend.

Keywords: National policy, China, Cultural industries development

 

Category: Glocal Perspective